[APCEIU] Pacific Education Development Framework: Improving education in the Pacific Islands

The Asia-Pacific is one of the regions in the world that has made the most significant progress towards providing access to education and thus increasing the school enrollment numbers. While much of the spotlight is usually on the “Asia” part of the region, the Pacific has also been putting in much effort into increasing school enrollment rates and the quality of education.

The 10th Pacific Islands Forum Education Ministers Meeting (FEdMM) held in the Cook Islands from March 31 to April 2, 2014 saw the release of the 2014 Pacific Education Development Framework (PEDF) Tracking Report. It was the first tracking report on the performance of countries in working towards the PEDF.

The report was presented to ministers and government officials from the 11 countries of the Pacific Islands including Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, etc that attended the annual FEdMM. Preliminary data collected reflected substantial progress towards increasing gender equality in education with the increasing female enrollment in both primary and secondary schools. Despite the progress, the report also highlighted that there is a need for not just implementation of the PEDF but also the development of a monitoring system for evaluation purposes which is essential for future planning.

The PEDF that was signed in 2009 is an expanded framework compared to its predecessor, the Forum Basic Education Action Plan 2001 (FBEAP) under the Education For All (EFA) framework. Apart from improving the quality of education in Pacific island countries, much attention was also given to providing a holistic education. Central to this is the four pillars of “learning to know, learning to do, learning to be and learning to live together” from the UNESCO report The Treasure Within. Emphasis was also placed on education which will develop respect and appreciation of the diverse Pacific cultures.



아태지역은 교육 보편화에 있어서 많은 성과와 진보를 경험하고 있는 지역이다. 보통 아시아지역이 많은 주목을 받지만, 태평양지역도 학교에 등록하는 학생의 비율을 높이고 교육의 질을 개선하기 위해 그에 못지 않는 노력을 하고 있다.

지난 3월31일~4월 2일, 쿡 제도에서 열린  제10회 태평양제도 포럼 교육부장관 회의(FEdMM)에서 2014 태평양 교육발전 기구(Pacific Education Development Framework, PEDF)가 보고서를 발표했다. 이 보고서는 태평양 교육발전 기구 참여국들의 활동에 관한 첫 보고서로서, 회의에 참석한 피지, 통가, 바누아투 등 태평양 지역 11개국 교육부 장관과 정부관리들을 대상으로 발표되었다.

수집된 기초 자료들은 초등 교육과 중등 교육 공히 여성의 학교등록 비율이 높아지는 등 교육의 성평등 면에서 상당한 발전이 있었음을 보여준다. 보고서는 그러나 태평양 교육발전 프로그램의 실행만이 아니라, 향후 계획을 위한 필수요소로서 평가를 위한 모니터링 시스템을 발전시키는 것 역시 중요하다고 강조하고 있다.

2009년에 생긴 PEDF는 ‘모두를 위한 교육'(Education For All) 의제에 따라 시작된 ‘포럼 기초교육 액션플랜 2001’ (Forum Basic Education Action Plan 2001)이 확장된 것이다. PEDF는 태평양 지역에서 교육의 질을 개선하는 것 외에 전인 교육에 많은 관심을 기울였다. 그 핵심은 유네스코 보고서  “더 트레저 위딘(The Treasure Within)”에 나타난 “유네스코의 4대 주요 기둥 : 알기 위한 교육, 실천하기 위한 교육, 존재하기 위한 교육, 상생을 위한 교육” 이다. 또한 태평양 제도에다양한 문화가 존재하는 만큼 다른 문화를 존중하고 이해하기 위한 교육도 강조하였다.


References and related links:

1.Report on Pacific Education Development Framework (PEDF) http://www.forumsec.org/resources/uploads/embeds/file/Pacific%20Education%20Development%20Framework%202009-2015(1).pdf

2. 2014 Pacific Education Development Framework (PEDF) Tracking Report http://www.forumsec.org/resources/uploads/attachments/documents/2014FEdMM.04.pdf

3. More on the Pacific Education Development Framework (PEDF) http://www.forumsec.org/pages.cfm/strategic-partnerships-coordination/education/








Many many thanks to Eui Ryung Lee for her great help in proofreading the Korean article ^^


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